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Like all flounders, the summer flounder has both eyes on the same side of its head; in this case, the left side. The eyed side of the fish is brownish with conspicuous black spots; the eyeless side, which rests on the bottom, is almost white. However, the fish can use color adaptation to match the bay or ocean bottom. It also may partially bury itself to camouflage.

The summer flounder feeds on minnows, shrimp, squid, and crabs. These bottom dwellers live in coastal flats and prefer shallow waters. These fish are very popular in seafood dishes across the State of North Carolina.